Which electronic data system is right for your study? The decision of whether to use REDCap, OnCore, or Advarra EDC—the three systems available at the University of Minnesota—will depend on the unique needs of the research.
21 CFR Part 11 overview
One important consideration is the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) regulations for electronic documentation and signatures, known as 21 CFR Part 11. This is the FDA’s way of allowing electronic records to be used for keeping data secure, tracing data changes, approving electronic signatures, identifying any possible falsified records, and more.
Compliance with 21 CFR part 11 makes these records and signatures as valid as their paper counterparts. It’s also considered best practice regardless of whether the study is FDA-regulated.
FDA guidance on 21 CFR part 11
Comparison: Electronic data systems
While only Advarra EDC is fully compliant with 21 CFR part 11, OnCore and REDCap may be a better fit for some situations, depending on the degree of FDA oversight in their trials.
|21 CFR Part 11 compliant||Yes||Partially (only e-consent)||No|
|Data export types||Excel, SAS||SPSS, R, Stata, Excel, SAS||Excel, SAS|
|Allows data import||No||Yes||No|
|Who enters data||Study team||Study team, plus participants can fill out surveys||Study team or the OnCore team can enter studies for you)|
|Who creates the protocol/project||EDC admin team||Study team or REDCap team||Study team or OnCore team|
FDA-regulated studies can use OnCore in conjunction with either Advarra EDC or REDCap. An OnCore protocol is typically set up for studies using Advarra EDC as well.